Plagiarism and Copyright

Plagiarism means presenting other people’s results, thinking, ideas or formulations as your own.

Plagiarism is considered intellectual theft under the Norwegian Copyright Act and also to constitute cheating.

At HVL plagiarism may result in a failing grade and expulsion. [HVL's guidelines for treating cheating soon to be available in English].

Avoid plagiarism

Presenting others' work as your own, whether you do it deliberately or not, is considered plagiarism. You should therefore always be aware of the correct use of sources and always cite your sources accurately.

Help on citing correctly can be found in Search & Write or in the Citation Compass.

Examples of plagiarism:

  • Use material published on the Internet or in printed sources without providing source reference
  • Copy parts of other people's work, but change words and phrases without providing a source
  • Copying or altering a work from other students' assignments
  • Too much resemblance between several students on individual assignments
  • Use of own previous assignments (self plagiarism)


Anyone who creates something owns the rights to it. In Norway, the Copyright Act regulates copyright. The Copyright Act entitles you to cite from published works without the permission of the author as long as it is done "in accordance with proper usage and to the extent necessary to achieve the desired purpose." (Norwegian Copyright Act, § 29).

Read more about copyright