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GE482 Hydrogeology

Course description for academic year 2022/2023

Contents and structure

The beginning of this course provides a short introduction into the water cycle and the water balance on a local scale.

The hydrogeological part of the course deals with soil water in the vadose zone, groundwater in bedrock and unconsolidated cover rocks in addition to geological parameters of groundwater aquifers. This part further provides an overview over methods used to investigate hydraulic systems and to calculate hydraulic parameters, and includes the topics groundwater pollution and groundwater chemistry. The use of groundwater as water supply, the role of groundwater in unstable slopes and groundwater leakage in tunnels, will also be addressed. A basic introduction in modelling of groundwater flow is also given.

During one day field work, the students learn how to measure discharges, how to install and establish groundwater wells. During excursions, different types of groundwater aquifers both in bedrock and unconsolidated cover rocks are visited and discussed.

Learning Outcome


After completed course the students will:

  • gain understanding of the different components of the hydrological cycle.
  • have knowledge about the formation and flow of groundwater both in bedrock and unconsolidated cover rocks.
  • have knowledge about the practical use of groundwater as water supply and the role of groundwater during high water discharge, erosion and geotechnical challenges.


The students are able to:

  • do simple hydrological / hydrogeological calculations.
  • conduct hydrogeological field work and make assessments in the field.

General competence

Students are able to:

  • use hydrogeological knowledge in practical applications.
  • understand the content of hydrogeological reports and publications.

Entry requirements


Recommended previous knowledge

GE406 Introduction to Geology

MA414 Mathematics for Science Studies

FY400 Introduction to Physics

Teaching methods

Lectures, exercises, fieldwork, excursions

Compulsory learning activities

  • Three approved selected written exercises
  • Participation in all field work and excursions
  • One approved field work report
  • Two approved excursion reports


Written examination under supervision, 4 hours.

Grading A-F.

Examination support material


More about examination support material