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FE408 Sustainable Energy Transition

Course description for academic year 2023/2024

Contents and structure

The course is about sustainable transition of the society and the energy system from a societal perspective, and what is needed in terms of achieving such transition. The course looks into sustainable transition using challenges related to economy, technology/society and politics as a starting point. 

Learning Outcome

The course will provide insight into the most important environmental, social, economic, technological and political prerequisites for a sustainable transition of the society.


  • The student must have knowledge about terms like sustainable development, innovation and transition.
  • The student must have knowledge about how the term sustainable development can be defined, measured and used at a global, national and local level.
  • The student must have knowledge about UNs sustainability goals.
  • The student must have knowledge about the social, technological and political conditions for a sustainable transition of the society.
  • The student should know the socio-economic arguments behind when and why governments should steer technological innovation and the policy instruments the government could use.
  • The student must have knowledge about the most important socio-economic arguments behind when the government should use economic policy instruments like tax and subsidies to steer the technological development, and how they should be designed. 


  • The student must be able to explain the term sustainable development.
  • The student must be able to consider the demand for transition of different sectors in the society.
  • The student must be able to provide knowledge to central actors about important policy instruments to revise society at different levels.


  • The student must have competence about how society can be changed in order to reach global and national climate- and sustainability goals, and compare these with historical examples, focusing on technological change. 
  • The student should be able to use important transition and innovation theories in order to understand the most important technological, social, economic and political preconditions for a sustainable transition of society.

Entry requirements


Recommended previous knowledge

FE401, FE405, FE406, FE410 and FE411

Teaching methods

Lectures, guest lectures, group work and exercises.

Compulsory learning activities



Individual project assignment with an adjusting oral exam. The project assignment must consist of a total of 5000 words +/- 10 % excluding reference list. 

Grading scale A-F, where F represents a fail.

If a student fails on the project assignment, or wants to improve the grade, a new project assignment will have to be delivered.

Examination support material


More about examination support material