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BIO202 Pathology

Course description for academic year 2024/2025

Contents and structure

The course covers disease processes and how diseases alters cells and tissues. It also gives an overview of basic working methods in todays pathologic-anatomic diagnostics. The purpose of the course is to provide basic knowledge within pathology, regarding changes in cells and tissues (cytology/histology), as well as molecules (molecular pathology), due to disease, and be able to detect such by proper handling of tissue/sample, and evaluate the quality of histological tissue sections, cytological sample preparations, and molecular markers.


• General disease processes, hereby i.e. circulatory/respiratory failure, infections and immunological processes and tumor disease.

• Cell/tissue changes by infections and cancer development

• Sampling procedure and sample treatment of cytological and histological samples, including pre-analytical conditions, color techniques, and quality of sections/samples

​​​​• Cytology by screening procedures, diagnostic criteria and quality assurance measures.

• Review of the most frequently used techniques for light-/fluoresence microscopy, immunohistochemistry and molecular pathology.

Learning Outcome

Upon completion of the subject BIO202, the student will have the following learning outcomes defined by knowledge, skills and general competency



  • Can describe general disease processes
  • Has knowledge of methods, laboratory equipment and tasks relating to the biomedical laboratory scientist within histopathology, cytology and molecular pathology
  • Can explain how analytical, pre- and postanalytical conditions can affect analytical results
  • Knows how cells and tissue structures are analyzed as part of diagnostics, follow up and treatment of disease in organs of the body.
  • Can explain internal quality controls and systems to ensure analysis monitoring and reliable analytical results.
  • Knows about the pipeline of a sample through the laboratory, requisition and communication system for response, automation systems.



  • Can apply analytical instruments and laboratory equipment used within histopathology and molecular pathology
  • Can master methods for handling human biological material and basic laboratory techniques for biomedical laboratory scientist work in a structured and accurate way, and according to applicable laws and regulations.
  • Can evaluate internal and external quality control data results.
  • Can evaluate sample data results, method possibilities, limitations and source of error.

General competency


  • Can reflect over own area of competency and professional practice, seek and accept supervisional quidance.
  • Can interpret an order and disseminate sample results both written and orally
  • Can work both individually and in groups.
  • Has understanding and skills in sample treatment, insight into screening procedures, diagnostic criteria and quality assurance matters.
  • Can document and convey knowledge relating to a biomedical laboratory scientist through oral and written presentations in Norwegian.

Entry requirements

Consistent with the demands for uptake second study year as defined in the study plan for the biomedical laboratory scientist education.

Recommended previous knowledge

BIO173 Organic chemistry and biochemistry

BIO174 Cell biology

BIO171 Anatomy, fysiology and histology

Teaching methods

Physical and digital teaching, eCase-study, videos and aticles. Supervision of practical laboratory work and reports based on such.

Compulsory learning activities

Laboratory course (only one laboratory course will be set up pr course). Students who are absent or for other reasons do not get approved laboratory course will there for not be able to retake the laboratory course that same semester. The student only gets 2 tries in one laboratory course, in total (not within same semester)

Approved work requirements are valid for the 6 following semesters.


Written digital school exam, 4 hours.

Grading A-F where F equals fail/no pass.

Examination support material

No support material

More about examination support material

Course reductions

  • BIO137 - Patologi - Reduction: 7.5 studypoints